Annals of Thoracic Medicine Official publication of the Saudi Thoracic Society, affiliated to King Saud University
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 113-120

Saudi Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension: Pulmonary hypertension in children

1 Department of Pediatric, King Fahd Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Pediatric, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Pediatric Cardiology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
4 Pediatric Intensive Care, Prince Sultan Medical Military City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Maha Al Dabbagh
MD, Head, Pulmonary Section, Department of Pediatric, King Fahd Armed Forces Hospital, Head, Pediatric Taskforce, Saudi Association for Pulmonary Hypertension, PO Box 9862, Jeddah 21159
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1817-1737.134053

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Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is relatively uncommon in children. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in pediatric comprises a wide spectrum of diseases, from a transient neonatal condition to a progressive disease associated with morbidity and mortality. Most common PAH in pediatric are idiopathic (IPAH) or PAH associated with congenital heart disease (PAH-CHD), while other associated conditions, such as connective tissue disease (CTD), are less common in pediatrics. Despite better understanding of PH and the availability of new medications during recent decades; the diagnosis, investigation and choice of therapy remain a challenge in children, as evidence-based recommendations depend mainly on adult studies. In this review, we provide a detailed discussion about the distinctive features of PAH in pediatric, mainly emphacysing on classification and diagnostic algorithm.

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