Awareness regarding childhood asthma in Saudi Arabia
Saleh Al-Harbi1, Adel S Al-Harbi2, Abdullah Al-Khorayyef2, Mansour Al-Qwaiee2, Abdullah Al-Shamarani3, Wafa Al-Aslani4, Hayat Kamfar5, Osama Felemban5, Mohammed Barzanji6, Naser Al-Harbi7, Ruqaia Dhabab8, Mohammed Ahmed Al-Omari9, Abdullah Yousef9
1 Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Consultant Pediatric Pulmonologist, Umm Al-Qura University, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Pediatric Pulmonary Medicine, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Ministry of Defence, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Pediatric, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Pediatric, Children & Maternity Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Pediatric, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Pediatric, Dr. Soliman Fakeeh Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
7 Department of Pediatrics, King Saud University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
8 Department of Pediatric, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
9 Department of Pediatric, King Fahad University Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Dr. Suleiman Fakeeh Hospital, Jeddah
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Objective: Assessing the knowledge and awareness of the Saudi society about bronchial asthma in children.
Methods: Structured questionnaires were randomly distributed to 1039 Saudi Arabians in May 2014 at Jeddah, Riyadh, and Dammam.
Results: The awareness of bronchial asthma questions showed that 67% of total sample thought that it could be a fatal disease, and only 13.2% thought that there is a difference between bronchial asthma and chest allergies in children. 86.1% thought that the symptoms of bronchial asthma include dyspnea and nocturnal cough, and 45.7% thought that fever, a runny nose and throat inflammation are not symptoms. 60.2% thought that infectious respiratory diseases may increase bronchial asthma progression. In addition, 40% thought that the use of antibiotics doesn't help in diminishing bronchial asthma complications, and some thought that the patient can stop medication after an acute asthma attack. 34.1% thought that inhaled medication for asthma doesn't cause addiction. Very highly significant results are shown between bronchial asthma knowledge and age, the level of education, marital status, and if the individual knows a person who suffers from bronchial asthma (P < 0.001). There are positive correlations between bronchial asthma knowledge and age, marital status, and level of education (r = 0.152, 0.150, 0.197), respectively.
Conclusion: The study demonstrated that bronchial asthma knowledge in the Saudi Arabian population is insufficient, and efforts should be carried out to spread bronchial asthma management.