Annals of Thoracic Medicine Official publication of the Saudi Thoracic Society, affiliated to King Saud University
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 182-189

Can positron emission tomography/computed tomography be predictive of diagnostic success in endobronchial biopsies performed through a fiber-optic bronchoscopy in lung cancer?

Department of Chest Diseases, Dr. Lütfi Kirdar Kartal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Coskun Dogan
Neslişah Street, Teknik Yapi Up City Apartment, B2 Block Flat nr: 40 Ugur Mumcu, Kartal, Istanbul
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_8_18

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PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of homogeneous/heterogeneous (necrotic) involvement and maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) value of the lesion on positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) of patients who underwent fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) for prediagnosis of lung cancer and biopsy for endobronchial lesion on the diagnostic success of biopsy procedure. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2016, patients with final diagnosis of pulmonary malignancy as determined by FOB biopsy and patients who failed to be diagnosed by FOB biopsy and diagnosed with pulmonary malignancy by a different diagnostic method were examined. These patients were divided into two groups as those with diagnosis by FOB biopsy (Group 1) and those who failed to be diagnosed by this method and diagnosed with pulmonary malignancy by a different diagnostic method (Group 2). The SUVmax values of the two groups were compared with lesion characteristics of homogeneous, heterogeneous involvement/presence of necrotic component as shown by PET-CT. Group data were assessed by Chi-square test and Mann–Whitney U-test. In all tests, P < 0.05 was considered significant. FINDINGS: A total of 193 participants with a mean age of 61 ± 9.4 were included in the study. There were 128 (66.3%) cases in Group 1 and 65 (33.7%) cases in Group 2. The mean SUVmax value was 16.4 in Group 1 and 15.1 in Group 2. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (P = 0.329). Homogeneous involvement was present in 103 (80.3%) cases in Group 1 versus 42 (64.6%) cases in Group 2. In the presence of homogeneous PET-CT involvement, diagnosis rate by biopsy was significantly higher (P = 0.016). CONCLUSION: We concluded that the high SUVmax value of the mass lesion on PET-CT did not increase the diagnostic value of the biopsy procedure in patients prediagnosed with lung cancer and that the diagnostic success of FOB biopsy was poor in cases where PET-CT showed heterogeneous involvement of the mass lesion.

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