Annals of Thoracic Medicine Official publication of the Saudi Thoracic Society, affiliated to King Saud University
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 64-72

Childhood interstitial lung disease: A case-based review of the imaging findings

Department of Radiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dhanashree Abhijit Rajderkar
Department of Radiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, PO Box 100374, Gainesville, FL 32610
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_384_20

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Childhood interstitial lung disease (chILD) consists of a large, heterogeneous group of individually rare disorders. chILD demonstrates major differences in disease etiology, natural history, and management when compared with the adult group. It occurs primarily secondary to an underlying developmental or genetic abnormality affecting the growth and maturity of the pediatric lung. They present with different clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features. In this pictorial review article, we will divide chILD into those more prevalent in infancy and those not specific to infancy. We will use a case based approach to discuss relevant imaging findings including modalities such as radiograph and computed tomography in a wide variety of pathologies.

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