The recommended amount of physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep duration for healthy Saudis: A joint consensus statement of the Saudi Public Health Authority
Rasha A Alfawaz1, Ghadeer S Aljuraiban2, Mezna A AlMarzooqi2, Abdullah F Alghannam3, Ahmed S BaHammam4, Ali M Dobia5, Shaima A Alothman3, Osama Aljuhani6, Khalid Saad Aljaloud7
1 Saudi Public Health Authority, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 Lifestyle and Health Research Center, Health Sciences Research Center, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4 The University Sleep Disorders Center, College of Medicine, King Saud University; National Plan for Science and Technology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5 Comprehensive Specialized Clinics for the Security Forces in Jazan, General Administration for Medical Services, Ministry of Interior, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Physical Education, College of Sport Sciences and Physical Activity, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
7 Department of Exercise Physiology, College of Sport Sciences and Physical Activity, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Ahmed S BaHammam
University Sleep Disorders Center, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh
Dr. Khalid Saad Aljaloud
Department of Exercise Physiology, College of Sport Sciences and Physical Activity, King Saud Universit
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
BACKGROUND: The goal of the 24-h Movement Practice Guidelines for Saudi Arabia is to provide policymakers, health-care providers, researchers, sports professionals, and members of the public with recommendations on the duration of time they should spend engaged in physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep throughout all age groups.
METHODS: A modified RAND appropriateness method and the “GRADE-ADOLOPMENT” approach of guideline recommendations were used by a guideline development panel to develop the present recommendations.
RESULTS: The recommendations were based on the integrated needs of the following age groups: children (0–2 years), preschoolers (3–5 years), children and adolescents (6–17 years), adults (18–64 years), and older adults (≥65 years). The guidelines also include special considerations for sleep duration in the Saudi culture, such as dawn prayer and Ramadan.
CONCLUSIONS: Several research gaps in physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep were identified and highlighted by the guideline development panel for potential future research.