Annals of Thoracic Medicine Official publication of the Saudi Thoracic Society, affiliated to King Saud University
 
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 299-305

Pulmonary rehabilitation for COPD: A narrative review and call for further implementation in Saudi Arabia


1 Respiratory Therapy Department, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia; UCL Respiratory, Royal Free Campus, University College London, London, UK
2 Respiratory Care Department, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
3 UCL Respiratory, Royal Free Campus, University College London, London, UK; Department of Respiratory Care, Prince Sultan Military College of Health Sciences, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
4 Respiratory Therapy Department, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia; Department of Respiratory Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
5 Respiratory Care Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Al-Hasa, Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Respiratory Sciences, University of Leicester; Centre for Exercise and Rehabilitation Science, NIHR Leicester Biomedical Research Centre- Respiratory, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, UK
7 UCL Respiratory, Royal Free Campus, University College London; Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abdulelah M Aldhahir
Respiratory Therapy Department, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia

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DOI: 10.4103/atm.atm_639_20

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common, preventable, and treatable condition, in which outcomes can be improved with careful management. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) comprises exercise and education, delivered by multidisciplinary teams. PR is a cost-effective management strategy in COPD patients which improves exercise performance, reduces dyspnea, reduces the risk of exacerbation, and improves health-related quality of life. All COPD patients appear to benefit irrespective of their baseline function, and PR has also been shown to be a clinically and cost-effective management approach following an acute exacerbation. COPD patients with greater disability and those recovering postexacerbation should be specifically targeted for PR. Due to limited current capacity, the latter group may not currently be able to benefit from PR. Therefore, there is a need for the wider implementation of PR services in Saudi Arabia, requiring us to address challenges including capacity and workforce competency.


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