Annals of Thoracic Medicine Official publication of the Saudi Thoracic Society, affiliated to King Saud University
Search Ahead of print Current Issue Archives Instructions Subscribe e-Alerts Login 
Home Email this article link Print this article Bookmark this page Decrease font size Default font size Increase font size
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21-27

Sleep quality and mental health in coronavirus disease 2019 patients and general population during the pandemic

1 Sleep Medicine Research Group, Sleep Medicine and Research Center, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 Internal Medicine Department, Ministry of the National Guard - Health Affairs; Internal Medicine Department, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center; Internal Medicine Department, King Saud bin AbdulAziz University for Health sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3 Internal Medicine Department, King Abdullah Medical City, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
4 Internal Medicine Department, Saudi German Hospital Jeddah Branch, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
5 Medical department -Alnoor Specialist Hospital- Makkah, Saudi Arabia
6 Internal Medicine Department, East Jeddah General Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
7 Internal Medicine Department, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
8 Internal Medicine Department, MOH, King Abdulaziz hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
9 Internal Medicine Department, MOH, King Abdullah Medical Complex, Saudi Arabia
10 Internal Medicine Department, MOH, East Jeddah Hospital, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
11 Internal Medicine Department, Ministry of the National Guard - Health Affairs, Saudi Arabia
12 Internal Medicine Department, King Fahad General Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
13 Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, Al Majmaah 11952, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Siraj Wali
College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 80215, P.O. Box 21589; Sleep Medicine and Research Center, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah 80215, P.O. Box 21589
Saudi Arabia
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/atm.atm_191_21

Rights and Permissions

OBJECTIVE: Sleep problems during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic commonly affected general populations. Data on the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on sleep quality in Saudi Arabia are scarce. Thus, the aim of our study was to evaluate sleep quality and assess the psychological burden of the pandemic in COVID-19 patients and the general population. METHODS: This was a multicenter, observational, cross-sectional survey. Participants with COVID-19 were recruited from different health-care centers in the western region during the lockdown period from May 13, 2020 to September 2, 2020. All participants completed a validated online survey. The control group comprised individuals from the general public who responded to the online survey through social media. Demographic data, COVID-19 status, and history of chronic diseases were collected. Sleep quality, depression, and insomnia were assessed using validated questionnaires. Results: In total, 1091 participants were surveyed and 643 (58.9%) were positive for COVID-19. Poor sleep quality was reported in 66.1% of COVID-19 patients (mean score ± standard deviation [SD] 6.9 ± 4.0) and 72.8% of controls (mean score ± SD 7.6 ± 4.3). Insomnia affected 50.5% of COVID-19 patients (mean score ± SD 6.5 ± 5.5) and 58.5% of controls (mean score ± SD 7.6 ± 5.5). Depression was diagnosed in 39.5% of COVID-19 patients (mean score ± SD 4.7 ± 4.6) and 70.1% of controls (mean score ± SD 8.9 ± 6.7). CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic had a great impact on mental health and sleep quality in both COVID-19 patients and the general population but more pronounced in the general population.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded277    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal