Annals of Thoracic Medicine
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21--27

Sleep quality and mental health in coronavirus disease 2019 patients and general population during the pandemic


Ranya Alshumrani1, Sultan Qanash2, Ahmad Aldobyany3, Faris Alhejaili1, Ibrahim AlQassas4, Mohammed Shabrawishi5, Omar Alnashiwaty3, Mohannad Badghaish6, Mohammad Adnan7, Ahmed Bin Afeef8, Dhafer Alghamdi9, Salman Aljehani10, Anas Alsurahi11, Abdulaziz Faruqui12, Ayman Krayem11, Md Dilshad Manzar13, Siraj Wali1 
1 Sleep Medicine Research Group, Sleep Medicine and Research Center, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 Internal Medicine Department, Ministry of the National Guard - Health Affairs; Internal Medicine Department, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center; Internal Medicine Department, King Saud bin AbdulAziz University for Health sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3 Internal Medicine Department, King Abdullah Medical City, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
4 Internal Medicine Department, Saudi German Hospital Jeddah Branch, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
5 Medical department -Alnoor Specialist Hospital- Makkah, Saudi Arabia
6 Internal Medicine Department, East Jeddah General Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
7 Internal Medicine Department, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
8 Internal Medicine Department, MOH, King Abdulaziz hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
9 Internal Medicine Department, MOH, King Abdullah Medical Complex, Saudi Arabia
10 Internal Medicine Department, MOH, East Jeddah Hospital, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
11 Internal Medicine Department, Ministry of the National Guard - Health Affairs, Saudi Arabia
12 Internal Medicine Department, King Fahad General Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
13 Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, Al Majmaah 11952, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Siraj Wali
College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 80215, P.O. Box 21589; Sleep Medicine and Research Center, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah 80215, P.O. Box 21589
Saudi Arabia

OBJECTIVE: Sleep problems during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic commonly affected general populations. Data on the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on sleep quality in Saudi Arabia are scarce. Thus, the aim of our study was to evaluate sleep quality and assess the psychological burden of the pandemic in COVID-19 patients and the general population. METHODS: This was a multicenter, observational, cross-sectional survey. Participants with COVID-19 were recruited from different health-care centers in the western region during the lockdown period from May 13, 2020 to September 2, 2020. All participants completed a validated online survey. The control group comprised individuals from the general public who responded to the online survey through social media. Demographic data, COVID-19 status, and history of chronic diseases were collected. Sleep quality, depression, and insomnia were assessed using validated questionnaires. Results: In total, 1091 participants were surveyed and 643 (58.9%) were positive for COVID-19. Poor sleep quality was reported in 66.1% of COVID-19 patients (mean score ± standard deviation [SD] 6.9 ± 4.0) and 72.8% of controls (mean score ± SD 7.6 ± 4.3). Insomnia affected 50.5% of COVID-19 patients (mean score ± SD 6.5 ± 5.5) and 58.5% of controls (mean score ± SD 7.6 ± 5.5). Depression was diagnosed in 39.5% of COVID-19 patients (mean score ± SD 4.7 ± 4.6) and 70.1% of controls (mean score ± SD 8.9 ± 6.7). CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic had a great impact on mental health and sleep quality in both COVID-19 patients and the general population but more pronounced in the general population.


How to cite this article:
Alshumrani R, Qanash S, Aldobyany A, Alhejaili F, AlQassas I, Shabrawishi M, Alnashiwaty O, Badghaish M, Adnan M, Afeef AB, Alghamdi D, Aljehani S, Alsurahi A, Faruqui A, Krayem A, Manzar MD, Wali S. Sleep quality and mental health in coronavirus disease 2019 patients and general population during the pandemic.Ann Thorac Med 2022;17:21-27


How to cite this URL:
Alshumrani R, Qanash S, Aldobyany A, Alhejaili F, AlQassas I, Shabrawishi M, Alnashiwaty O, Badghaish M, Adnan M, Afeef AB, Alghamdi D, Aljehani S, Alsurahi A, Faruqui A, Krayem A, Manzar MD, Wali S. Sleep quality and mental health in coronavirus disease 2019 patients and general population during the pandemic. Ann Thorac Med [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Jan 20 ];17:21-27
Available from: https://www.thoracicmedicine.org/article.asp?issn=1817-1737;year=2022;volume=17;issue=1;spage=21;epage=27;aulast=Alshumrani;type=0